What is Glaucoma ?
Glaucoma is a group of eye characterized by damage to the optic nerve. In its early stages, glaucoma may present few or no symptoms and can gradually steal sight without warning. In face, most people who are affected by glaucoma doesn’t know they have it. If left undetected or untreated, it leads to blindness.
One of the major risk of Glaucoma is elevated intraocular pressure (IOP), or pressure inside the eye. A healthy eye produces a fluid called aqueous humor, at the same rate at which it drains. High pressure occurs when the drainage system is blocked and fluid cannot exit at a normal rate. The increased IOP pushes against the optic nerve causing gradual damage, which may lead to vision loss, usually starting with the peripheral, or side vision. Increased eye pressure is often associates with gradual damage to the nerve fibers that make up the optic nerve. IOP is currently the only treatable risk factor for glaucoma.
Who are at risk for Glaucoma?
- People over 40 Years of age
- People with diabetes
- People who have used steroids for a long period of time.
- People with physical eye injuries.
How is Glaucoma diagnosed ?
A comprehensive eye checkup by an ophthalmologist is the way to detect glaucoma. We at Roshan Eye Care Kochi offers glaucoma treatments at affordable packages. A complete eye examination includes measuring IOP and evaluating the drainage angle of the eye and the optic nerve. Additionally, visual fields tests are used to evaluate the peripheral vision of each eye.
How can Glaucoma be treated ?
While there is no cure for glaucoma, elevated IOP is currently the only treatable risk factor. It is important to treat aggressively with the most effective products such as prescription eye drops that can provide maximum reduction of the elevated IPO with long-term control. In some cases, surgery can also help. It is important for patients to use medication as prescribed and maintain regular examinations with an ophthalmologist who can evaluate glaucoma progression and treatment options.
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